It is incredible how current advancements in technological methods have transformed several systems. IoT technology has contributed significantly to the transformation by achieving control over various working systems. Typically, devices for IoT projects use programming languages that correspond to those used in desktops. Such a desktop creates a platform for the development of codes that commands the operation of a device. Despite the resemblances in the gadgets and desktops, there exists a relative distinction that every IoT developer must acknowledge. Eventually, IoT developers will need to select on the appropriate language to use for a project.
Top programming languages for IoT developers
You might be wondering on what criteria to use while selecting a programming language. Well, the kind of devices you are using usually dictate on which language to use. However, research and surveys have revealed that there are specific top performing programming languages for IoT projects. This article focusses on some of these top programming languages giving an insight to developers.
2. C Language
For developers writing low-level codes, C is the best choice for them. Since such codes are limited to power usage, C language requires less power to process hence most apt. It also interacts directly with the RAM, therefore, making it usable for these hardware layer software. Using this language will grant you full control of the program since everything is visible to you as you write. It means that you can easily modify it to obtain the desired results. However, minor mistakes while writing could lead to the entire program’s failure. A mere comma could stop the whole program if omitted. Therefore, to use the C language, you must be exceedingly keen to avoid errors.
In the past years, Python has been used for large components that require high-level programming. Nonetheless, nowadays it has become predominant in the IoT applications as long as the devices have relatively high memory. Python language is easy to learn with noncomplex codebases. It has vast libraries and compact source code as well thereby reducing the possibility of errors. Even for devices that require low processing power and have limited memory, python versions such as MicroPython can accommodate them. For that reason, IoT developers should consider this language irrespective of the size of their projects. Python can handle even a complex system with relatively few code lines.
While PHP may not be classified among the big languages for large systems, it has an incredible performance on the IoT projects. It is easy to learn and understand therefore suitable for IoT developers. Research shows that PHP can run on controller systems such as Raspberry Pi board with the help of other supporting services such as MySQL and LAMP server. On the other hand, research is continuing on how to ensure the development process is uncomplicated on Raspberry Pi as well as other microcontroller boards.
One of the more commonly used languages by most developers around the world is Java. It is applicable on a wide range of devices including the IoT. Once you create the program on the Java desktop environment, you need to use Java Virtual Machine (JVM) to transfer the codes to the IoT device. One of the reasons why IoT developers should consider Java language is the fact that it is portable. It does not limit any hardware specifications; therefore, it can be used on devices such as smartphones. It is, therefore, one of the ideal languages for small devices and sensors.
With the increased use of smartphones, we know that it is essential to create an all rounded programming environment. These environments include both desktop and mobile phones devices and their distinct operating systems. While Java is compatible with android systems, Swift, on the other hand, is compatible with iOS and macOS operating systems. The Apple systems have provided a platform where you can download a Swift application and carry out the coding exercise there. The compatibility with these devices renders the language suitable for IoT devices.
Selecting a suitable programming language contributes to the success of your IoT project. Since the options are unlimited, you can decide according to the kind of your project. Identify your project goals, its complexity and then match the devices you are to use with the most appropriate language.